In this article, Dr Liew explained that epilepsy is a neurological condition which affects the central nervous system, causing abnormalities in the brain which can lead to seizures and unusual behaviour. Symptoms would depend on the type of seizures which are focal seizures and generalised seizures. Focal seizures can be further broken down into simple focal seizures and complex focal seizures, while generalised seizures can be broken down into absence seizures, atonic seizures, myoclonic seizures and tonic-clonic seizures. Dr Liew shared that a clinical suspicion of epilepsy arises when a child has two or more seizures. To further ascertain the likelihood of epilepsy, patients can also undergo a MRI or an electroencephalogram test.
Dr Liew also provided readers with tips on safety measures to take when an epileptic child is having a seizure. This include placing something soft and flat under the child’s head such as a folded jacket, cushion or pillow to prevent head injuries, turning the child gently to rest on one side to prevent choking, and not to force open the child’s mouth and put anything in it as it can break the teeth or cause the child to choke. Dr Liew encouraged children with epilepsy to participate in the same activities as their peers. However, it is recommended that caregivers take simple measures to make these activities safer. In addition, children may feel different in front of their peers or they may start to question why they have to take regular medications for their condition as they grow older. Hence, Dr Liew advised it is important to encourage them to talk about their feelings and address any concerns that they may have.
Link to the article: https://sg.theasianparent.com/childhood-epilepsy-symptoms